3rd Global Fisheries Enforcement Training Workshop

The Third Global Fisheries Enforcement Training Workshop

Maputo, Mozambique

February 28-March 4, 2011

Compliance with and effective enforcement of fishing laws

3rd GFETW Brochure
3rd GFETW Brochure Cover

Mozambique is a fishing nation located on the African West Coast with 2,789km of coastline bordering the Indian Ocean. Home to diverse fisheries, one can often see artisanal fishermen at work casting nets, sailing dhows and processing their catch. From February 28 to March 4, 2011, over 150 specialists from more than 50 countries met in Mozambique’s capital, Maputo to attend the Third Global Fisheries Enforcement Training Workshop (3rd GFETW). The Workshop was hosted by the Ministry of Fisheries of the Republic of Mozambique and organized by the International Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) Network with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).

The Programme of the 3rd GFETW addressed the needs of both developing and developed countries focusing on effective solutions to tackle illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing with special attention to the challenges faced by developing countries. Prior to 2009, devoted MCS professionals had been exploiting all resources at their disposal to prevent and deter IUU fishing, issuing Vessel Monitoring Systems (VMS), including VMS that tracked fishing vessels using satellites, and employing more direct methods by actively patrolling areas within their national jurisdictions. However, MCS tools and equipment and their operation are costly for individual countries. The GFETW therefore sought to increase international and regional cooperation and pave the way for better collaboration between the world’s MCS officers.

Previously, two GFETWs were convened in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 2005 and Trondheim, Norway in 2008. The 1st GFETW hosted by Malaysia focused on the core concepts of sharing information and experiences and training on a broad array of MCS topics. The theme of the 2nd GFETW was effective and innovative tools and methods being used to detect IUU including apprehension techniques.

3rd GFETW Group Photo
Group Photo of 3rd GFETW Participants
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The 3rd GFETW expanded on the progress of the first two by adopting a focus on the special needs of developing countries in successfully implementing MCS programs. Participants in the Maputo workshop emphasized the urgent need to expand cooperation at all levels, given the complex nature of the transactions they often are investigating, which touch many jurisdictions in all parts of the world, as vessels, people and products move from point of harvest to final sale. Further, they recognized the necessity of sharing data and information from many sources and discussed ways this sharing could be increased. They also discussed the challenges faced in implementing MCS in small-scale and artisanal fisheries, which account for a high percentage of the fisheries sector in many countries.

Topics for presentations and discussions included: IUU fishing in artisanal and small-scale fisheries (with examples from Cameroon and Ghana); Current international MCS efforts (discussing the FAO Port State Measures Agreement and the FAO Global Record); Regional MCS as a cost effective solution to combating IUU (with examples from the Pacific Island Forum Fisheries Agency, the European Union, the Indian Ocean Commission and Central America); Cost effective MCS technology (discussing low-cost, low-tech approaches to MCS, risk analysis, and other tools); Dealing with data (discussing information-sharing legislation and trade analysis methodologies); Certification, traceability and verification (discussing various trade/catch certification schemes); Forensics in fisheries MCS (discussing the benefits and methods for the use of forensics in fisheries MCS); Bridging the gap (with examples of activities by Pew, Bay of Bengal project and Interpol); Training and capacity building (with examples of Partnership for African Fisheries (PAF) and Stop Illegal Fishing (SIF), a Portuguese fisheries enforcement project in Africa, FAO’s technical cooperation programme and the US Coral Triangle Initiative); the Antillas reefer case (discussing evidence-gathering in relation to this case); and lastly Hot topics (discussing the role of environmental certification schemes in reducing IUU, Mauritius’ National Plan of Action on IUU, the Central American Integrated Fishing and Aquaculture registry, and the joint SADC fisheries patrol in 2009).