Skip to main content

Library

JAC Fisheries Intelligence Report 007 - LU RONG YUAN YU 715

A JAC fisheries intelligence report that examines the activities and AIS reporting patterns of the squid vessel LU RONG YUAN YU 715. The vessel had been transmitting simultaneously on the same two MMSIs, and analysis of photographs taken in 2022, confirmed that the vessel had been displaying and reporting a different name when in the Atlantic squid grounds (FU YUAN YU 715).

Report of the Sixth Global Fisheries Enforcement Training Workshop

This document contains the report of the Sixth Global Fisheries Enforcement Training Workshop (GFETW), which was convened in Bangkok, Thailand from 18 to 22 February 2019. The Workshop was organised by the IIMCS Network and the Department of Fisheries, Thailand. The 6th GFETW was sponsored by Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Directorate of Fisheries of Norway, the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and The Pew Charitable Trusts.

The theme of the 2019 GFETW was Closing the Net: Global cooperation between flag, coastal, port and market States for effective enforcement of international and domestic law.

First virtual Global Fisheries Enforcement Training Workshop (GFETW)

This report contains the proceedings of the IMCS Network's first ever virtual GFETW, which took place online on 13–14 July 2021. The overall theme of the virtual GFETW was “Illuminating the unknowns – Global cooperation to eliminate the “U’s” from Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) fishing”. The GFETW focused on an interactive format highlighting three interactive panel discussions on emerging MCS areas of interest or challenges. The event also included MCS papers, presentations, and short videos relevant to one of the following four GFETW themes: cooperation and partnerships, risk assessment and analysis, technology as an enabler, and transparency.

A MCS Practitioners Introductory Guide to Carrier Vessels

An introductory guide to (also known as 'reefers' or 'carriers') vessels to support MCS officers undertaking carrier vessel inspections. While this is a standalone tool focussed on carrier vessels, it has been developed as part of series of similar introductory guides on other major industrial fishing methods and related operations, as well as complementary material on fishing vessel inspection considerations. This guide includes how to recognize carrier vessels, how they operate and operational MCS considerations and the crucial role carrier vessel play in transshipment.

Purse Seine Fishing

An introductory guide to purse seine fishing vessels to support MCS officers undertaking purse seine vessel inspections. While this is a standalone tool focussed on purse seine fishing, it has been developed as part of series of similar introductory guides on other major industrial fishing methods and related operations, as well as complementary material on fishing vessel inspection considerations. This guide includes how to recognize purse seine vessels, how they operate and operational MCS considerations.

Pole and Line Fishing

An introductory guide to pole and line fishing vessels to support MCS officers undertaking pole and line vessel inspections. While this is a standalone tool focussed on pole and line fishing, it has been developed as part of series of similar introductory guides on other major industrial fishing methods and related operations, as well as complementary material on fishing vessel inspection considerations. This guide includes how to recognize pole and line vessels, how they operate and operational MCS considerations.

Longline Fishing

An introductory guide to longline fishing vessels to support MCS officers undertaking longline vessel inspections. While this is a standalone tool focussed on longline fishing, it has been developed as part of series of similar introductory guides on other major industrial fishing methods and related operations, as well as complementary material on fishing vessel inspection considerations. This guide includes how to recognize longline vessels, how they operate and operational MCS considerations.

Enhanced Regulation, Monitoring and Control of Global Transshipment Activities

Following the FAO's in-depth study "Transshipment: A closer look," this report captures contributions from the ground that aim to provide voluntary guidelines for the regulation, monitoring, and control of transshipment that are in fact robust, future-proof, and operationally achievable. The study recommends looking at seven key areas that would enable relevant authorities to minimize the risk of IUU-caught seafood entering the market and to ensure compliance with national and regional legal frameworks.

PEW First Virtual Expert Workshop on Best Practices in Compliance in RFMOs: Information Management, Reporting, Compliance Review, and Assessment

Recognizing that an RFMOs' performance can be compromised due to not complying with conservation and management measures, the Pew Charitable Trusts, in collaboration with the International Seafood
Sustainability Foundation held a virtual workshop in 2020. Convening nearly 30 experts associated with RFMOs, the workshop identified important drivers of compliance, with the challenges involved in each and potential solutions.

PEW Second Virtual Expert Workshop on Best Practices in Compliance In RFMOs: The Role of Transparency in Improving RFMO Compliance

Following their first virtual workshop in 2020, the Pew Charitable Trusts, in collaboration with the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation, held a virtual workshop in 2021. This workshop specifically covered the issue of transparency in RFMOs, an issue that experts identified in the last workshop as a driver toward improving RFMOs' compliance and assessment processes. Transparency is multifaceted, with experts recognizing that transparency can look different based on the situation (external vs. internal component), the parties involved, the sensitivity of data, and many other factors. But ultimately, the workshop identified the importance of transparency in RFMOs and gave detailed solutions for how to reach said goal.

Tuna Compliance Network: A Partnership for Sustainability

The Tuna Compliance Network (TCN) was established to facilitate communication and cooperation between officers responsible for compliance and experts in Monitoring, Control, and Surveillance. Implementing Conservation and Management Measures, specifically for highly migratory species like Tuna, can be challenging for RFMOs; however, as an informal network, TCN provides a unique opportunity for the exchange of information to take place between tuna RFMOs.

Transshipment at Sea - The Need for a Ban in West Africa

The Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) has found that many Western coastal countries in Africa have been unable to control and monitor transshipment at sea. These coastal countries have insufficient resources to inspect vessels before transshipment and instead rely on onboard observers monitoring for illegal activity, who have multiple shortcomings. With 37% of West African catch coming from IUU fishing, this activity puts marine management at risk and poses severe threats to the livelihoods of coastal countries' citizens. The EJF proposes banning transshipment at sea for these coastal countries, requiring them to work with the international community and improve their monitoring and control systems.

Tracking Refrigerated Transshipment Vessels to Inform the FAO's PSMA

Port State Measurement Agreements (PMSA) aim to combat IUU fishing by bringing international parties to enact legislation and regulation on foreign vessels entering port. Parties to the PMSA, Port-States, are responsible for monitoring whether a vessel has engaged in IUU fishing. Reefers (because of their role in transshipment) pose a serious problem in effectively tracking and monitoring IUU fishing, leading to harmful marine biodiversity activity and human rights abuses such as seafood slavery. However, reefers are readily equipped with Automatic Identification System (AIS) Technology which, this paper shows, has proven to be an effective tool in MCS that PMSA parties can continue to use.

The Global View of Transshipment - Revised Preliminary Findings

In this research study, Global Fishing Watch uses AIS information to identify where transshipment can be happening and who is doing it. About 42 percent of potential rendezvous (what is identified through AIS data to track transshipments) occur on the high seas, with the rest happening within the EEZs of different nations–especially Russia. It is concerning, however, that those areas with higher levels of reported IUU fishing correlate with areas of high potential rendezvous. With such a high level of transshipments occurring on high seas, the global community could not only benefit from using AIS data to identify illegal transshipments but must also cooperate to address lax oversight and control. This revised report improves on the methodology of the earlier finding in February 2017.

Survey of Tuna Transshipment in Pacific Island Countries

In a study commissioned by the Pacific Islands Foreign Fisheries Agency (FFA), transshipment and purse seine vessels are analyzed concerning the benefits accrued to Pacific Island Countries (PICs). The study finds that transshipment at port has not brought increased revenue in the past 18 years (as of the time of writing.) As gross revenues have not increased, neither have transshipment fees; PICs could benefit from standardizing fees not only to increase revenues but also because these fees help support monitoring and fisheries management efforts. High seas longline transshipment is there to stay for PICs, it makes financial viability possible for the fishing industry, but PICs must continuously monitor where transshipment is happening, and what benefits are accrued.

Report of the FAO Expert Workshop on Transshipment and IUU Fishing

The Committee on Fisheries (COFI) undertook a global report on transshipment activities including the state of transshipment regulations and practices, guidance on specific control mechanisms for transshipment, and the state of independent monitoring and control over transshipment. The COFI held a workshop to overlook their report and the Global Stakeholder Survey responses they received from 91 States. The workshop concluded, among various other findings, that transshipment threatens the marine environment and human rights abuses without effective monitoring and control. However, the practice is an important cost-effective fishing operation and does not in itself pose a threat to what was previously discussed–further research must be done to see the extent of illicit transshipment operations.

Potential Ecological and Social Benefits of a Moratorium on Transshipment on the High Seas

RFMOs have the role of managing fisheries on the high seas. However, they have been under scrutiny before in their conservation of fish and monitoring and enforcing legislation. With transshipment at high seas becoming an increasingly salient issue, strong RFMO enforcement is ever more needed. This study examined all RFMOs' regulations and gave them a score on stringency. While RFMOs have not become less stringent since the late 1990s, the study concludes that a moratorium on transshipment at sea is needed to alleviate the lack of comprehensive monitoring, control, and surveillance.